Posts Tagged ‘best diving in cyprus’

Ear Infections and Scuba Diving

Thursday, January 16th, 2014

Can You Prevent Otitis Externa, or Swimmers Ear?

The Answer is in the Solution

ear infections while swimming and scuba divingBy Edward Thalmann, M.D., DAN Associate Medical Director

The diving has been great all week. Now, while sitting in your room, you notice that one of your ears itches and feels wet. You look in the mirror and don’t see any problem, so you go to bed. Next morning when you wake up, you feel a fullness in your ear and a twinge of pain. What a time for an earache! You wonder if you should cancel the day’s diving.

Your problem is probably otitis externa, a fancy name for an external ear infection sometimes called swimmers ear. As the name implies, it’s usually associated with someone who swims a lot – and divers certainly fit that bill on dive-intensive scuba holidays.

The Cause
Despite what most people believe, otitis externa is not caused by bacteria in the water: instead, it’s triggered by the bacteria normally found in your external ear canal. Here’s how these normally innocuous bacteria can become troublesome.

With frequent immersion, water swells the cells lining the ear canal. Eventually, these cells pull apart – far enough for the bacteria normally found on the surface of your ear canal to get underneath the skin, where they find a nice warm environment and start to multiply.

Next thing you know, your ear canal itches, is sore and becomes inflamed. If left untreated, the swelling can spread to the nearby lymph nodes and cause enough pain that moving your jaw becomes uncomfortable. At this point, the only treatment is antibiotics, and diving is definitely out.

Some History
When I first entered the Navy in 1972, I was asked to look into the problem of ear infections in saturation divers. These divers spend up to a month in diving chambers aboard ships, where they are kept at the same depth as the job they are performing in the sea, whether it’s salvaging a sunken vessel or performing a research project.

Each day these divers are transferred from the chamber to the work site in a diving bell. The divers spend a great deal of their time immersed. Both the chamber and the bell provide a hot, humid environment, perfect for breaking down the cellular lining of the ear canal; and the result is often otitis externa.

Otitis externa was so prevalent at the time I entered the Navy that up to 20 percent of all saturation divers were expected to get it. I searched the medical literature and found an article that had the answer: instructors at a summer camp found that dripping an acidic drying solution into the ear at the beginning and end of each day virtually eliminated swimmer’s ear in their young charges. The trick, however, was that the solution had to remain in each canal a full five minutes. If this part of the treatment was ignored, ear infections soon reappeared.

To treat the Navy divers I decided to use Otic Domeboro®* Solution: 2 percent acetic acid, water, aluminum acetate, sodium acetate and boric acid. The acid retards bacterial growth, while the aluminum and sodium acetate act as astringents, drawing excess water out of the cells lining the ear canal. We had the divers put this solution in each ear canal twice a day and hold the solutions for at least five minutes at a time, timing them from outside the chamber.

The result? Otitis externa is no longer a problem in Navy saturation divers, and the above external ear prophylaxis remains a standard part of U.S. Navy Saturation diving procedure to this day. It’s useful for sport diving, too, when there are frequent dives over several days.

Using the Solution
The only problem for sport divers is that Otic Domeboro Solution is a prescription drug, so you’ll need to get it through a doctor. (Note: Bausch & Lomb and Qualtest make similar products.) And it’s not cheap: a 2-ounce bottle costs in the neighborhood of $25. But that bottle should easily be enough for 60 or more days of use.

There are other preparations available over the counter (Auro-Dri, Swim-Ear) that are less expensive and consist of 95 percent isopropyl alcohol, with anhydrous glycerine. These preparations will certainly take care of drawing excess water out of the cells, but their lack of acidity makes them less powerful at inhibiting bacterial growth. Unfortunately, none of these over-the-counter preparations has been tested in the diving environment, so whether they will work as well as Otic Domeboro Solution is unknown.

Whatever preparation you choose to use, the trick is in the application. Before your first dive in the morning and after your last dive each night, here’s what to do:

The head is tilted to one side and the external ear canal gently filled with the solution, which must remain in the canal for five minutes. The head is then tilted to the other side, the solution allowed to run out, and the procedure repeated for the other ear. The five-minute duration must be timed with a watch. If the solution does not remain in the ear a full five minutes, the effectiveness of the procedure is greatly reduced.
– From the U.S. Navy Diving Manual

Remember, this is a prophylactic procedure that should be started before the ear becomes infected – beginning it only after an infection occurs will not help much. One word of warning: Do not put drops in your ear if you have any reason to suspect you may have a ruptured eardrum from a squeeze. If you do, you may wash bacteria into the middle ear, where an infection can be really bad news.

Clearing That Waxy Buildup
If you’re diving for an extended period of time, the cerumen in your ear may build up and cause the external ear canal to become blocked off. Once this happens, it greatly reduces the effectiveness of the external ear prophylaxis and makes an infection much more likely.

If you think your ear canal is blocked, the best way to find out is to have someone who is trained to use an otoscope use one to look in your ear. If the eardrum isn’t visible, the excess cerumen should be removed. Don’t use swabs or other instruments to remove cerumen. Gently flushing the canal with water while in the shower, with hydrogen peroxide, or by using commercial over-the-counter solutions designed to remove earwax are the best bet. If that doesn’t work, see a doctor to have the wax removed. Any intrusion into the ear canal should be done by trained medical personnel only.

For preventive measures, one way to prevent the buildup of cerumen (earwax) is to gently flush the ear canal when showering: Cup your hand next to your ear, and let your hand fill with water, which will overflow into the ear canal. Don’t let the shower stream enter your ear directly, though; it could damage your eardrum or hearing.

For more details, see More on Swimmers Ear.

(c) Jan/Feb 1999 Alert Diver

* Note: Bayer ceased manufacture of Otic Domeboro in December 2000.

Wreck Diving Nemesis

Friday, December 20th, 2013

wreck of nemesis sinking underwater when the bridge fills with sea water

Wreck Diving Nemesis

Wreck Diving Nemesis ship in Protaras Cyprus with Easy Divers. on the Newest ship to be sunk in the Protaras Area in Cyprus. Protaras now have two ship wrecks in the area for all to see. These ships are part of an artificial reef to wreck project made with old fishing boat. These fishing boat now shipwrecks are nested on the sea bed between 18 meters an 28 meters.

This will give great opportunities for all divers and snorkellers visiting Protaras.

These wrecks the Liberty and the Nemesis wrecks are easily viewed from a glass bottom boat or snorkelling.

We now have great opportunities for everyone to see and watch the marine life to grow over the coming years.

nemesis wreck diving of new shipwreck sunk on the 20th December 2013

Tecrec Courses Cyprus

Monday, November 4th, 2013

TecRec Courses In Cyprus

tecrec technical diver training in cyprus with easy divers cyprus

The Intro to Tech course or PADI TecRec Courses

Tec Rec courses is the perfect course for divers who have heard about technical diving and want to find out more about this exciting branch of tec diving, while staying inside of recreational diving limits. These tecrec courses walks students through the special techniques, planning procedures and skills that set technical diving apart from traditional sport diving. You will learn a deeper understanding of the techniques and procedures of tecrec diving.

PADI TecRec Courses - Technical Diving Courses Larnaca Cyprus - Zenobia Dives Course, DSAT PADI Tecrec, Tec 40, Tec 45, Tec 50, Trimix, Tec Trimix 65, Gas Blending,

During tecrec courses, It will show you how to improve their dive planning methods, buoyancy control, in-water skills and proper gear configurations, in a non-threatening and fun learning environment. The skills learned during this course will increase the student’s self-confidence and notably decrease anxiety as divers move forward through the technical diving courses. You will become a more confident diver with your buoyancy and skill level.

How To Get Your TecRec, Go Deeper! 

If you’re interested in technical diving, but you’re not familiar with the gear and equipment then the PADI Tec 40 Course is a great introduction. You will have the option to try a twinset back mounted tanks or Dive with x-Deep sidemount configuration. This first part of the PADI Tec Deep Diver courses 4 dives. The first dive can be carried out in a pool, then open water dives.

tecrec sidemount diving

What do I need to start?

  • PADI Advanced Open Water Diver or equivalent
  • PADI Enriched Air Diver or equivalent
  • PADI Deep Diver or equivalent
  • Have a minimum of 30 logged dives with at least 10 dives on nitrox (enriched air) to more than 18 metres.
  • Have a medical form signed by a physician

What will I do?

You will use desktop decompression software and dive computers to plan and execute decompression dives with a maximum 10 minutes of total decompression to up to 40m. You will use a single decompression gas with unto 50% oxygen to add conservatism to your require decompression.

What’s included in the course fee?

During the course you will use the PADI Tec Deep crew pack which is included in your course fee. These materials will introduce the technical diving equipment, the terminology, emergency procedures, decompression and stage cylinders, gas planning and executing the dives. The course materials include the PADI Tec Deep manual, a dive planning checklist and planning slate. If you wish you can purchase the optional Equipment Set-Up and Key Skills DVD which is a great tool and resource which will allow you to review skills after the course. You will use these materials through the Tec 45 and Tec 50 course as well.

What’s next?

The PADI Tec 40 course is a great starting point for your technical diving and from this point you will be able to enroll onto the PADI Tec 45 or PADI Tec 45 course.

TecRec Courses in Cyprus


PADI Instructor Development Course 2014

Tuesday, October 29th, 2013

PADI Instructor Development Course April 2014

It’s About Life Transformations — Both Yours And Those Around You!

It’s About Life Transformations — Both Yours And Those Around You!

The objective of the Padi Instructor Development Course (PADI IDC) is to fully prepare candidates to become a PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor (OWSI). The Padi Instructor Development Course consists of presentations, confined and open water workshops, discussions and Padi IDC candidate teaching presentations in a classroom.

The FULL Padi IDC has two parts; the Padi Assistant Instructor course (PADI AI) and the Open Water Scuba Instructor course (PADI OWSI). Once these have been completed, candidates will then attend the Padi Instructor Examination (PADI IE), which is held over two days.

The Padi AI course introduces the PADI system of educational methodology and develops the Padi IDC candidates teaching abilities in the classroom, pool and open water. The Padi Assistant Instructor concentrates on the courses that Padi Assistant Instructors can teach. Once completed, candidates can then enroll on an Padi OWSI course.

The Padi OWSI course further develops candidates’ teaching abilities and skills. The complete PADI educational system is explored and candidates are prepared for the Padi IE that follows at the end of the Padi Instructor Development Course. Once a full Padi Instructor Development Course is completed , the candidates can attend an Padi IE.

During the Padi IE, candidates are evaluated on their skills, knowledge and teaching abilities. Successful candidates will become a PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor. Take a look here for PADI Exam Revision to help you pass your PADI IDC and IE Exams when you attend your PADI Instructor Development Course.


PADI Tec Basics

Tuesday, December 20th, 2011

PADI TEC BASICS Distinctive Speciality

PADI Tec Basics

Course Overview

The PADI Tec Basics course is a bridge from recreational to technical diving. It exposes recreational divers to technical diving and entry level Padi tecrec diving skills and equips them with the information they need to decide whether or not to accept the additional risk and commitment that PADI Tec courses demand. The PADI Tec Basics course runs within recreational limits, using segments from PADI Tec 40 Dives 1 and 2. The course allows PADI Tec Deep Instructors to have students practice fundamental tec skills before enrolling in the PADI Tec 40 program. The course also recognizes students who choose not to continue their technical training.

The PADI Tec Basics course clearly informs divers that the PADI TecRec program address technical diving apart from mainstream recreational diving. These two general diving modes are defined:

Recreational scuba diving is no stop diving with air or enriched air nitrox to a maximum depth of 40 metres/130

feet, and during penetration dives, within the natural light zone and no more than a total linear distance of 40 metres/130 feet from the surface. It is primarily open‐circuit diving, but includes recreational eCCR and eSCR rebreathers (Type R).

Technical scuba diving is diving other than commercial or research diving that takes divers beyond recreational limits. It is further defined as and includes one or more of the following: diving beyond 40 metres/130 feet, required stage decompression, diving in an overhead environment beyond 40 linear metres/130 linear feet from the surface, accelerated decompression, and the use of variable gas mixtures (other than the automatic variation of a Type R rebreather) during a dive.

Technical diving uses extensive methodologies, technologies and training to manage added risks associated with it. Typically, this means using complex or highly specialized equipment in situations where direct access to the surface is inaccessible due to a ceiling imposed by decompression or by a physical barrier such as found inside cave or wreck diving environments.

Divers usually tec dive for the challenge and fun rather than as a profession, so it is a recreation (hence the name “TecRec” for these programs). However, to avoid confusion regarding the limits and scopes, tec diving is not called “recreational diving.” The courses in the PADI TecRec program directly address the more demanding and challenging nature of technical diving, which involves more hazards and inherent risks than recreational diving.

All the TecRec CCR courses are built upon mainstream instructional system design principles for which PADI courses are known.

Technical diving is not for everyone. It should not be presented as a goal for all divers to aspire to. Rather, it is for a growing but smaller segment of divers who are looking for challenge, and who are willing to accept the costs, risks, time commitment, training and physical fitness requirements necessary.

In the face of these, it may be perfectly appropriate to remind those who may not be suited to TecRec that they can enjoy a lifetime of novel adventures without ever leaving recreational limits.

Course Credit

Since the PADI Tec Basics Distinctive Specialty is actually a portion of the PADI Tec 40 course, Tec Basics may credit toward this certification. Tec Basics divers should be informed that if they choose to move up to PADI Tec 40, their instructor may request a repeat of some confined water sessions and practical application sessions, depending on the interval between Tec Basics certification and the start of the PADI Tec 40 course.

Tec 40 Training Dive One, Practical Applications One and Two and Knowledge Development One and Two may be credited towards the PADI Tec 40 Diver course if all performance requirements have been met. Credit towards Tec 40 Diver is valid for 12 months from the completion of the Tec Basics Distinctive Speciality.

Diver Prerequisites

1. PADI Advanced Open Water Diver or qualifying certification. PADI Rescue Diver is recommended.

Student Equipment Requirements

1. Twin cylinders with dual manifold and isolator or independent cylinders in a sidemount configuration

2. Primary and secondary regulators – primary regulator must have seven foot/two meter hose for air sharing.

3. SPG. In sidemount configuration both regulators must have SPGs.

4. Harness with shoulder and hip D‐rings (backmount or sidemount).

5. BCD – wings

6. Stage/deco cylinder with attachment hardware, a single second stage regulator, and SPG. Note: It is recommended that each diver have and use individual stage/deco cylinders. However, it is acceptable for students to practice required skills with a shared cylinder.

7. Dive computer

8. Appropriate exposure suit

9. Weight System, if required to offset buoyancy created by equipment and exposure protection.

10. Reel or spool

11. Knife/cutting device

12. Slate

13. Compass

14. Lift bag or DSMB

Student Materials

PADI Tec Deep Diver Manual
Tec 40 Completed Knowledge Reviews 1 and 2
Tec 40 Completed Handouts 1 through to 5

Minimum Age

15 years of age

Maximum Depth

30 metres/100 feet


Confined Water – 2 dives
Open Water – 2 dives

Knowledge Development

Student must complete Tec 40 Knowledge Development One and Two as outlined in the PADI Tec Diver Course Instructor Guide including Knowledge Reviews for each section. This may be done as prestudy. It is recommended that instructors hold one classroom session to review missed questions on Knowledge Reviews and answer any other questions students have.

 Skill Training Dive One (without stage/deco cylinder)

1. Working in a team assemble and inspect the basic technical diving rig following the previously described rigging philosophy and to meet individual/environmental needs.

2. Demonstrate the proper weight required for the dive.

3. Demonstrate neutral buoyancy while wearing the basic technical dive rig underwater in water too deep

in which to stand by hovering for 1 minute without sculling or kicking.

4. Within 30 seconds, independently close the cylinder valve to a regulator that is experiencing a simulated free flow.

5. Assist a team mate by closing the correct valve to a regulator that is experiencing a simulated free flow.

6. Within 30 seconds, independently close the isolator valve in response to a simulated manifold leak. This skill is not required if using sidemount configuration.

7. Respond to a simulated out of gas emergency by signalling a team mate, switching to the teammate’s long hose second stage, then swimming 30 metres/100 feet using the long hose regulator and maintaining contact with the team mate.

8. Respond to a teammate’s simulated out of gas emergency by, on signal, providing the teammate with the long hose second stage, switching to the short hose secondary, then swimming 30 metres/100 feet as the teammate uses the long hose regulator, maintaining contact.

Skill Training Dive Two (with one stage/deco cylinder)

1. Working in a team, plan the dive following the A Good Diver’s Main Objective Is To Live procedure, and

perform pre-dive checks following the Being Wary Reduces All Failures procedure.

2. Working in a team, perform a bubble check, descent check and S‐drill.

3. Independently don, remove and re‐don a stage/deco cylinder on the bottom.

4. Perform gas switches to stage/deco cylinders correctly following the NO TOX procedure.

5. Shut down both manifold valves and the isolator valve, and switch second stages to maintain a breathing supply, beginning with any valve chosen by the instructor, within 60 seconds (or within 40 seconds if there is no isolator valve).

6. Deploy a lift bag or DSMB from the bottom in water too deep in which to stand.

7. Swim at a steady pace at a constant depth for sufficient time to determine the SAC rate.

8. Using only neutral buoyancy, maintain a simulated decompression stop for eight minutes.

9. Remove and replace stage/deco cylinder at the surface in water too deep in which to stand.


Students should sign the Liability Release and Express Assumption of Risk for Technical Diving, the Tec Diver Statement of Understanding and Learning Agreement and complete the standard RSTC Medical form. Students may participate in the Tec Basics Distinctive Specialty if they answer “no” to all the medical history questions on a completed Medical Statement.

All enrolled Tec 40 students must have a physician’s approval and signature on the Medical Statement.

IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT PADI Tec Basics course or Padi Sidemount diving,